Terezín is a former military fortress composed of a citadel and garrison town 36 miles NNW of Prague in the Czech Republic. Built in the late eighteenth century, it was commandeered by the Gestapo during the Second World War and transformed into a ghetto and concentration camp.
Terezín is now duly preserved as a memorial to the more than 150,000 Jews (including 15,000 children) who were arrested and confined here. While not designed as an extermination camp, about 33,000 people died here, primarily from malnutrition and disease, and more than 88,000 people were held here before being deported to extermination camps elsewhere. It is estimated that only 23,000 survived. Please join me in remembering the victims.